Building a house is often quite costly, so it is important to plan out the project and estimate the budget to understand how much you will need to spend on the construction. Depending on the type of house you are building, you will need different materials that might cost differently.
On the other hand, there are some things that are required for every house regardless of the main material used to build it. Concrete is one of the main elements for building any house because it is heavily used to build a strong foundation.
Depending on the size of the house you are building, your concrete needs may vary. Because of that, it is important to have a clear understanding of what the house would look like.
A construction plan may be very useful for understanding how big your foundation should be and how much concrete you need to buy for it. If you are planning to add some concrete walls or stairs to your house, you should also estimate how much concrete it will require.
A concrete calculator can be useful to estimate how much concrete you need for every specific item in your house.
Generally, a house that does not use concrete anywhere except the foundation, so it might be easy to estimate the amount of concrete needed in this case.
A foundation is usually four to eight inches thick and is generally the same size as the square footage of the ground floor. To estimate the volume of concrete you need in this case, you simply need to multiply the square footage of the ground floor by the desired thickness of the foundation.
This case is easy to estimate, but the calculations become more difficult as more concrete items are added. Some of the most popular items that are built out of concrete are walls, staircases, and curbs.
All of them require different calculation techniques to estimate the amount of concrete required.
These walls are often preferred in houses mainly because of their durability and thermal resistance. They tend to last much longer than wooden walls and are more resistant to water and fire damage.
They tend to be more expensive than wooden walls, so they are usually used for more expensive houses. Concrete walls also have a high thermal resistance compared to wooden walls. This means that it is much easier to maintain a comfortable temperature inside the house with concrete walls.
Because of the high thermal resistance, it is cheaper to heat and cool a house with concrete walls compared to a house with wooden walls. It is also easier to soundproof than wooden walls because concrete is more soundproof than wood.
Generally, concrete walls are made of concrete slabs, which means that it is quite straightforward to calculate how much concrete you will need for the walls.
Concrete walls usually have the thickness of five to seven inches. Depending on the area of the house and where the concrete walls are used, the calculations may be different. To calculate the total amount of concrete needed, you may need to find the height and length of the wall.
Multiplying the desired thickness, height and length will yield the approximate amount of concrete needed for the walls.
Generally, concrete is more durable than wood, so many homeowners prefer to have concrete staircases, especially if they are located outside.
It is usually more expensive to build a concrete staircase than to build a wooden staircase, but a concrete staircase requires less maintenance and lasts much longer.
Especially outside, in humid and rainy climates, wooden staircases may require extra maintenance or even periodical replacement. Concrete staircases are preferred more often in these climates.
Planning and building a concrete staircase may require quite a bit of work because there are a lot of details that must be considered.
You need to consider the total run and total rise of the stairs, pick the best number of steps and make sure that the run the rise of a single step is appropriate.
Once you have a plan ready, you can estimate the amount of concrete needed. Depending on the type of stairs, the calculations can vary, so it is important to understand what formulas to use in every unique case.
Deck stairs are built using concrete quite often, and it has one of the simplest formulas to calculate the amount of concrete needed. You will need the following estimates to calculate the volume of concrete needed:
- Rise of a Step
- Run of a Step
- Number of Steps
- Length of the Stairs
To estimate the amount of concrete needed, you need to find the amount of concrete needed for each step and sum it up. For example, if a staircase has three stairs, you need to calculate the concrete needed for three stairs.
Step 1: Rise of a Step x Run of a Step x Length of the Stairs x 1 (Step Number)
Step 2: Rise of a Step x Run of a Step x Length of the Stairs x 2 (Step Number)
Step 3: Rise of a Step x Run of a Step x Length of the Stairs x 3 (Step Number)
Once you find the concrete needed for each step, you simply need to add them all together to find the total amount of concrete needed.
Many homeowners also like to take care of their front yard and the driveway. One way to make these areas look clean and organized is to install curbs along the driveway and walkways.
These curbs are often made out of concrete, so it might also add up on top of the concrete needs for building a house.
It is important to note that curbs are not essential to building a house, but it is helpful to keep concrete curbs in mind for large projects that also include landscaping.
Concrete curbs are usually concrete blocks of the same size that are connected to each other. These blocks are usually ordered rather than made by hand.
To approximate how many blocks you need, you need to divide the total length of the curbs by the length of a single block. It is important to remember that curvatures in curbs may require some alterations to the blocks, so it may be wise to buy a little bit more than needed to have room for error.
If you are planning to build the curbs using concrete, you need to multiply the length, the width and the thickness of the curb to estimate the amount of concrete needed.