The efficient management of the wastewater requires functional septic systems. This article explains the unique features, components, and maintenance requirements of the three main types: alternative, conventional, and commercial.
The alternative septic system is a solution for sites with rocky bases, inadequate soil depth, or high groundwater where traditional systems fall short. It requires less soil for the drainage field and reduces soil restrictions.
However, it is more complex and advanced, requiring specific and regular maintenance from licensed professionals.
The system is with a standard septic tank but uses interlocking polyethylene arches in the leach field. This helps for continuous drainage without the need for gravel or geotextile.
The system is available in three sub-types:
Aerobic Treatment Unit – utilizes oxygen for faster organic matter breakdown and is ideal for environmentally sensitive areas.
Mound Septic System – it has dosing cycles for uniform wastewater distribution and efficient water purification through a longer wastewater travel path.
Sand Filter Septic System – suitable for areas where standard septic systems are impractical and involve a septic tank, sand filter, pump chamber, and drain field.
The alternative septic system is an efficient solution to wastewater treatment in difficult conditions and addresses environmental challenges.
Regular professional inspections, pumping, and cleaning are essential to avoid potential issues such as an overcrowded septic tank, drain field malfunction, and clogged pipes.
The conventional septic system is designed for single-family homes and is using gravity or pressure distribution principles, making it simple and effective for residential use.
There are two types:
Gravity Septic System – a traditional approach that relies on natural soil dept.
Pressure Distribution System – it uses dosing for even distribution, making it suitable for areas with limited soil depth.
The septic tank collects and treats wastewater, while the drain field further treats the wastewater using perforated pipes in gravel channels. The soil layer improves the overall treatment process.
The conventional septic system is the best choice for residential areas because it’s efficient and suitable for decentralized use. It’s important to be vigilant and watch out for signs of malfunction, such as bad odors and slow drainage.
Made for large buildings such as hotels and shopping centers. The commercial septic system is designed to function like residential systems, but on a larger scale.
Key features of this system include a larger septic tank and drain field to accommodate higher volumes of wastewater. While it operates similarly to residential systems, it requires more maintenance due to the increased volume of wastewater it handles.
This system is ideal for large-scale establishments, as it ensures efficient wastewater treatment for business operations.
However, some potential problems may arise with this type of septic system. They can be resolved by regular maintenance and inspection by a qualified professional.
Understanding the differences between the three types of septic systems is important for efficient wastewater treatment. Regular professional maintenance and user responsibility are cornerstones for ensuring their functionality, preserving public health, and safeguarding the environment.