English cottage homes offer cozy and comfortable appeal, with plenty of neat arrangements in terms of both architecture and interior design.
These homes are popular in all regions of the English countryside, as well as a number of areas on the east coast of the United States.
Though they feature more of a classical design that hails from the countryside, they continue to be popular for new homes today.
If you’re building a custom home and are interested in using the elements of English cottage architecture in plans, your local architecture design firms will be happy to help.
In this article, we’ll review the essential characteristics of the English countryside cottage and take a brief look at the architectural history of these structures.
The relaxing, quaint atmosphere of homes with cottage design elements creates the perfect setting for a family dwelling, vacation stay, or luxury getaway.
History of English Cottage Architecture
English cottages in their current form became increasingly popular from the 1920s to the 1940s as a low-cost alternative to popular design styles of the time.
However, cottages in a traditional sense have been a staple feature of the English landscape for more than five centuries.
In fact, the word “cottage” originates from England itself and originally referred to the simple country homes of farmers, peasants, and other servants, who were often collectively referred to as “cotters.”
Since the middle ages, cottages with a thatched roof and single-story design have been popular family homes, offering a quaint appeal that blends well with a landscape of small towns and farms.
As the cottage continued to evolve, it adopted some of the central characteristics of other architectural designs, including the more luxurious Tudor and Georgian styles.
One or Two Story Design
The simplicity of the modern English cottage design means the structure is typically limited to one or two stories.
Single-story structures were the simplest form of these arrangements, though a second story is usually more popular for homes constructed today because most families and homeowners and simply looking for more space than the traditional style allows.
Half stories feature dormer windows, which are also famous components of the building’s central structure.
Unlike Georgian architecture, English cottage architecture usually features an asymmetrical exterior.
In this arrangement, one half of the house has either an extension added to the side of the structure or one portion of the gabled roofing is more dramatic in slope or length than on the other side of the house.
Symmetry in design was ideal for more luxurious English and American colonial homes, though it was never an essential facet for the more affordable cottage home.
English cottage architecture often features a gable roof for the central structure of the building, with either dormer or valler extensions.
Gable designs allow different sections of the roof to stand alone from other parts of the architecture so that windows and doorframes can feature their own overhead roofing, with different angles and slopes than the other parts of the arrangement.
Dormer windows along the front and side of the house allow significantly more natural light and ventilation to reach the upper story of the building.
Catslide roofing extensions continue the slope of the roof downwards from the peak of the roof down beyond where the eaves of the rest of the house are.
The ridge height and angle of the extension often change at the crux where the catslide design extends beyond the main eaves, allowing for a portion of the house to feature a flatter overhead design.
Catslide roofing often applies well to one-and-a-half-story architectural designs.
Decorative Brickwork Exteriors
The exterior of the English cottage often showcases the best decorative brickwork and stone arrangements, giving the entire structure a visual appeal that blends well with the natural, green landscape of the English countryside.
The color and shading variants of the stone and bricks, which are often white or grey, give the home an elegant, textured appeal and add more of the comfortable, quaint charm that defines these structures.
Stucco is sometimes applied in combination with this brickwork, though it gives the design more of a contemporary look.
Latticed designs for the front-facing, first-story windows are a mainstay of English cottage architecture, even in today’s newly constructed arrangements.
Small panes of glass are held together with elongated metal or wood hatch work in a simple rectangular design.
Arched windows are also a popular modern addition to these layouts, though they are not a traditional part of cottage architecture.
High, Prominent Chimneys
A single chimney reaching well beyond the level of the roof’s peak is a common sight for the English cottage home’s exterior.
This feature traditionally existed for more practical reasons, though today, it still offers a comfortable, relaxing countryside appearance that many homeowners are looking for when planning a new arrangement.
Elegant English Gardens
English gardens are elegant staples of any luxury home from England and Scotland. The arrangements of plants, flowers, and pots are typically symmetrical in nature.
Shrubs, hedges, and bushes are trimmed neatly.
Footpaths and walkways are equally neat, using gravel rather than stone to maintain clean lines and spacial divisions.
Stonework fountains and patio arrangements are also popular for the more luxurious English countryside or cottage garden.
Quaint, Cozy Appeal
The collective effect of English cottage architecture builds a quint, cozy, and relaxed atmosphere that transports the homeowner or visitor to the calm of the traditional English countryside.
The selection of central elements such as roofing and siding, along with the design choices for smaller details, should all work together to create this appeal.
Conclusion- Defining Characteristics of English Cottage Architecture
English cottage architecture is a fantastic choice for a new custom home.
With the assistance of a residential architect, you can build a structure with a balance of traditional and contemporary elements that make for the perfect family home or vacation getaway.